8 Confirmed Google Ranking Factors

People say all kinds of things are ranking factors. But the truth is that Google has never confirmed most of them.

This leads to a lot of misinformation and bad advice.

In this guide, we’ll explore eight ranking factors that we know Google uses.

Backlinks are clickable links from one website to another.

How a backlink works

In 2016, Google’s Andrey Lipattsev confirmed they’re one of Google’s strongest ranking factors.

But not all backlinks are equal. Some move the needle more than others.

Nobody knows what makes the perfect backlink, but Google says you should build them from other prominent websites on the subject.

Google has systems in place to help it understand what searchers want.You, too, need to understand this if you want to rank.

How? There’s no foolproof formula, but the top-ranking results offer clues. 

For example, most of the top results for “air fryer” are blog posts with top picks. This indicates that searchers are in research mode, not buying mode. As a result, it probably makes the most sense to target this keyword with a blog post over an e-commerce category page.

People searching for "air fryer" are in research mode, not buying mode

If you then also plug these pages into Ahrefs’ Content Gap tool, you can see their common keyword rankings. These often reveal important subtopics.

For example, five pages ranking for “air fryer” also rank for keywords relating to the best brands.

People searching for "air fryer" also want to learn about the best brands, as indicated by a content gap analysis in Ahrefs

If you want to rank for this keyword, it probably makes sense to talk about brands in your post. 

Freshness is a query-dependent ranking factor. It’s stronger for queries that call for fresh results. That’s why the top results for “netflix new shows” are quite new, but the results for “how to solve a rubik’s cube” are old. 

Freshness is a query-dependent ranking factor

If freshness is a big deal for your keyword, update your page often or publish new articles to keep up with demand.

HTTPS improves security for your website’s visitors. It’s been a lightweight Google ranking factor since 2014.

If your website doesn’t use HTTPS, you’ll see a “Not Secure” warning in your browser.

"Not Secure" warning in Google Chrome

If it’s an issue, install a TLS certificate.

Mobile-friendliness has been a ranking factor on mobile since 2015. When Google moved to mobile-first indexing in 2019, it became a ranking factor on desktop too.

Use the Mobile Usability report in Google Search Console to see if you have any issues.

Mobile Usability report in Google Search Console

Page speed is a ranking factor on desktop and mobile.

However, when it comes to SEO, the name of the game isn’t to make your site lightning fast—just fast enough. That’s because Google only demotes pages that deliver the slowest experience to users. 

Here’s a quick way to get a sense of your site’s page speed:

  1. Get a free Ahrefs Webmaster Tools (AWT) account
  2. Crawl your website using Site Audit
  3. Go to the Performance report
  4. Check the “Time to first byte” and “Load time” distributions

In general, the more green you see, the better.

Page speed metrics in Ahrefs' Site Audit

Core Web Vitals measure a page’s loading performance, interactivity, and visual stability. Google uses three metrics to do this: Largest Contentful Paint (LCP), First Input Delay (FID), and Cumulative Layout Shift (CLS).

Check the Performance report in Ahrefs’ Site Audit for a sense of your site’s performance.

Core Web Vitals in Ahrefs' Site Audit

If you see a lot of red and yellow, you may want to work on improving things.


The Core Web Vitals report in Google Search Console also provides a good overview.

Interstitials are page overlays. Google views them as intrusive when they obstruct a user’s view of the content. This is because they interrupt and frustrate users, leading to a poor experience.

Examples of intrusive interstitials from Google

Google made intrusive interstitials a negative ranking factor in 2017. Now they’re part of the Page Experience signals.

Here’s Google’s advice when it comes to interstitials:

  • Use banners instead of interstitials.
  • Don’t obscure the entire page with interstitials.
  • Don’t redirect the user to a separate page for their consent or input.

Keep learning

Many other things can directly or indirectly affect your site’s ability to show up and rank on Google. Learn more in these guides:

Source: ahrefs.com, originally published on 2022-10-20 00:05:00